Tag Archives: tiny houses

Tiny Houses in Portland for Homeless

tiny-house-tiny-homeBy Andrew Theen

Compliments: The Oregonian

Portland is preparing to endorse the construction of communities of tiny houses on publicly owned land to get homeless people off the street and offer low-income residents safe, clean and cheap places to live.

Josh Alpert, Mayor Charlie Hales’ director of strategic initiatives said the question isn’t whether the so-called micro-communities will happen, but when.

Tiny houses offer a cheap and replicable method of trying to address the city’s nagging homelessness problem, Alpert said. “Let’s figure it out.”

Alpert said the city plans to ask TriMet, Portland Public Schools and Multnomah County to share their surplus land inventories to provide options for suitable sites. Hales’ office also has organized a task force to investigate the legal and zoning challenges of making the micro-communities a reality.

“Lets’ be bold,” Alpert said, saying that the city is partnering with Multnomah County to make the micro-community vision a reality. According to county officials, representatives from the mayor’s office and Chair Deborah Kafoury’s office met Monday and agreed to “put it on the front burner.”

“Before people can get back on their feet and take advantage of job training and drug and alcohol counseling, they need a place to live,” County Chairwoman Deborah Kafoury said Wednesday. “This helps accomplish that.”

The actions from City Hall are a strong signal that the city sees the tiny house concept as a small investment with potentially big returns — helping to get dozens of the more than 2,000 people sleeping outside on any given night off the streets.

The concept could also be part of the solution for Right 2 Dream Too, a homeless encampment that the city has struggled to relocate from its prominent home at the gate to Old Town/Chinatown.

The Portland Mercury first reported Hales’ interest Wednesday.

Alpert said lots of unknowns remain, including the city’s financial role, but he said few obstacles are in the way. He hopes the first micro-community can be in place by February 2015.

Portland is already home to a growing tiny house movement catering largely to the young and the hip. Few options exist for residents living on the fringe. But earlier this year, a Portland housing advocate teamed with a metro area company to start pushing for what the partners say is a cheap and eminently doable idea.

Their plan calls for 25 housing units on a given property, with additional buildings for laundry, administrative offices and others services. The buildings would be roughly 16 feet by 12 feet, or 192 square feet total, and cost $250 to $350 per month to rent.

Tiny-houses-in-Portland-for-homless-by-Techdwell

The prototype is engineered by TECHDWELL, a Sherwood-based company.

Mike Withey, a Portland housing advocate and executive director of the nonprofit Micro Community Concepts, teamed with the TECHDWELL founders to push the idea.

Alpert said Hales became “infatuated” with the idea after Withey testified before the City Council in June.

Portland and Multnomah County officials have already begun conversations with TECHDWELL.

Withey said his nonprofit and TECHDWELL are excited the city is moving ahead.

“If they want us to take the reins and run,” Withey said, “that’s fine.”

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Tiny Houses Attracting Attention

tiny-house-tiny-homeBy Steve Hansen

Compliments: Soureceable

The average size of a new home in the U.S. hit a new record in 2013, at 241 square metres. The previous record was about 232 square metres in 2008, just before the housing market imploded.

tiny-houses-attracting-attentionThat might sound like good news, but it actually indicates a weak housing market, according to economist Robert Dietz of the National Association of Homebuilders. “Higher-end homebuyers, particularly older homebuyers with cash reserves necessary to meet today’s down payment requirements, are in the new home market in greater proportions than first-time homebuyers who typically purchase smaller homes,” Dietz wrote in an opinion piece for U.S. News & World Report. “The result of this change in market mix is, at least in the data, rising average new home size on an average basis.”

Not coincidentally, in the decade from 2002 to 2012, home ownership fell most among people 35 and younger — 11 per cent, according to US Census data. In Australia, the average home size has dipped from a high of 248 square metres in 2008 to 243.6 square metres, though it varies from state to state. New South Wales comes in atop the list at 266.2 square metres, followed by Victoria at 243 square metres, Queensland at 239.6 square metres, South Australia at 203.9 square metres, Western Australia at 234.5 square metres, and Tasmania at 200.3 square metres. As both countries have seen home sizes and prices rising and affordability falling, much smaller homes have become surprisingly popular.

Lloyd Kahn, author of Tiny Homes, Simple Shelter, set the upper limit for “tiny homes” at 500 square feet, or about 46.5 square metres.

With a price of just $20,000 to $50,000, tiny homes offer those without the money for a standard house the ability to own a home, however small. They can be built on a foundation and have all the amenities of a standard-sized house. They’re often used as accessory dwelling units, or granny flats, and are also useful for bed and breakfasts, rental units, and office space.

Possibly more popular are tiny homes built on trailers, as they let owners get around some of the building code challenges, such as minimum floor area, and the need for a building permit. Tiny homes on trailers, however, are generally not legal when parked on a residential lot, even if the homeowner also owns the lot.

Allan Cerf addressed the challenges, and outlines many of the challenges that face a tiny home on a trailer. After travelling to Portland, Oregon, which has a reputation as one of the friendlier spots for tiny homes, Cerf met with city officials and learned more about about their growing popularity.

“Portland, Oregon authorities are enthusiastic about tiny house fully plumbed, on the property of existing normal homes,” he said.

Codes specify a number of standard features that are hurdles for tiny homes on a trailer, such as minimum floor area, plumbing/water, and sanitation. If they’re viewed as a caravan or RV, those hurdles are minimized, but the unit is not allowed to park on a residential lot. That highlights what is possibly the biggest challenge for tiny home dwellers: where to put it. Without connecting to city services, tiny homes will not be welcome in many cities, especially dense, urban, and expensive cities where they might be most needed.

Some tiny homes have been welcome in RV parks and mobile home parks, but some parks prohibit home-built units. Others have found space in unincorporated and rural areas without building codes, or where enforcement is lax. A few tiny house communities in Madison, Wisconsin are now underway, and this could lead to their more general adoption and municipal acceptance.

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